Lifestyle

Study yields tiny targets for healing human memory

The discovery could offer a way to measure the effectiveness of memory-restoring therapies including medications and deep-brain stimulation. It also could be a step toward recovering lost memory among patients with a variety of brain conditions. The study was published online July 21 by the journal Epilepsia. More than 3 million people in the U.S. […]

Lifestyle

Innovative gel offers new hope to defeat Parkinson’s disease

Researchers from The Australian National University (ANU), in collaboration with The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, have developed a new type of hydrogel that could radically transform how we treat Parkinson’s disease. The gel also offers hope for patients who have suffered from other neurological conditions such as strokes. The new material is […]

Lifestyle

Q and A: Benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation for COPD and other lung conditions

DEAR MAYO CLINIC: My father has had COPD for years, but he was hospitalized for worsening symptoms related to his condition. His health care provider advised that he should begin a pulmonary rehabilitation program. He is hesitant and unsure of what to expect. What are the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation in people with COPD? Do […]

Lifestyle

Does visual feedback of our tongues help in speech motor learning?

When we speak, although we may not be aware of it, we use our auditory and somatosensory systems to monitor the results of the movements of our tongue or lips. This sensory information plays a critical role in how we learn to speak and maintain accuracy in these behaviors throughout our lives. Since we cannot […]

Lifestyle

Trains in the brain: Scientists uncover switching system used in information processing and memory

A team of scientists has uncovered a system in the brain used in the processing of information and in the storing of memories—akin to how railroad switches control a train’s destination. The findings offer new insights into how the brain functions. “Researchers have sought to identify neural circuits that have specialized functions, but there are […]

Lifestyle

Study sheds light on why oral vaccines sometimes fail in resource-poor countries

A chronic gut disorder that occurs in regions with poor sanitation disrupts intestinal immune responses and impairs oral vaccine effectiveness in a mouse model of the disease, according to research led by UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh and University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine scientists. The finding, published today in Immunity, is important because oral […]

Lifestyle

Is reducing opioids for pain patients linked to higher rates of overdose and mental health crisis?

Opioid therapy is complex. In recent years, a rise in opioid-related deaths and changing prescribing guidelines and regulatory policies have led many physicians to reduce daily doses for patients prescribed stable opioid therapy for chronic pain. Some patients have reported that this dose reduction process—called tapering –has been difficult, sometimes involving worsened pain, symptoms of […]